Why Are Cocoa Farmers Poor?

How much is chocolate worth?

Chocolate is one of the world’s favorite foods, and the global chocolate industry is worth $100 billion dollars..

Why is cocoa grown in Ghana?

Cocoa, Theobroma cacao, is a very important crop because it provides food, income, employment, industrial raw material and resources for poverty reduction [1]. Besides the provision of livelihood for millions of smallholder farmers, cocoa also provides raw material for the multibillion global chocolate industry.

What are the factors that affect cocoa farmers in Ghana?

The regression analysis showed that land size, member of farmer association, experience in cocoa farming, awareness of organic cocoa and access to extension service are the main factors that influence cocoa farmers’ decision to adopt organic cocoa practices.

Is growing cocoa beans profitable?

Despite cocoa being a lucrative – and growing – industry, many cocoa producers live in poverty. … Unfortunately this means most cocoa farmers see only a fraction of the total income earned from cocoa beans and the resulting products. That’s one reason LWR works to support smallholder cocoa farmers.

How many years does it take cocoa to produce?

Cocoa Planting and Maturity After cocoa seeds are planted, it usually takes between three and five years to yield the first crop. Cocoa Hybrid varieties however can yield crops within two and three years.

Does Apple use child labor?

“We have never knowingly sourced operations using any form of involuntary labor, fraudulent recruiting practices or child labor. We work with suppliers to manage their sourcing programs responsibly.

Is cocoa farming sustainable?

Up to 40% of the cocoa crop is lost every year due to incorrect maintenance. … Overall, cocoa farmers lack training and guidance on sustainable and diversified agriculture to improve productivity, to increase the quality of their cocoa beans and practice agriculture in ways which are not harmful to the environment.

How much are cocoa beans worth?

Between 2016 and 2019, the monthly price of cocoa worldwide peaked in mid-2016 at about 3,122 U.S. dollars per metric ton and has since declined to around 2,134 U.S. dollars per metric ton as of October 2018. Global cocoa production is expected to reach 4.59 million tons in the 2017/2018 crop year.

Who is the biggest producer of cocoa in the world?

Ivory CoastThe Ivory Coast and Ghana are by far the two largest producers of cocoa, accounting for more than 50 percent of the world´s cocoa. In 2016, the Ivory Coast alone produced approximately 1.6 million metric tons of cocoa beans.

What does a cocoa farmer do?

The farmer removes the beans from the pods, packs them into boxes or heaps them into piles, then covers them with mats or banana leaves for three to seven days. The layer of pulp that naturally surrounds the beans heats up and ferments the beans, which enhances the cocoa flavor.

How much does the average cocoa farmer in Ghana earn?

However, despite their importance to Ghana’s development, many cocoa farming families live in poverty. Cocoa farmers earn a per capita daily income of approximately USD $0.40-$0.45 on cocoa. This amounts to an annual net income of USD $983.12-$2627.81 and accounts for two thirds of cocoa farmers’ household income.

Why are cocoa farmers so poor?

As a result of low yields due to poor farming practices, aging trees and limited access to inputs such as fertilizer and planting materials. The average cocoa farmer’s income is significantly below the World Bank’s extreme poverty line of USD 1.

Why do cocoa farmers use child Labour?

On average, cocoa farmers earn less than $2 per day, an income below the poverty line. As a result, they often resort to the use of child labor to keep their prices competitive. The children of Western Africa are surrounded by intense poverty, and most begin working at a young age to help support their families.

How much money does a cocoa farmer make?

Fairtrade found average Ivorian cocoa farmer household income was $2,707 per year, with around $2,000 of income coming from cocoa, according to its survey of 3,202 Fairtrade certified farmers. This equates to total income of $0.93 per person a day.

How many years will cacao bear fruits?

“Cocoa is the only kind of tree that will bear fruit 24 months from planting. Coconuts and fruit trees take seven years to bear fruit,” he says.

What problems do cocoa farmers face?

On average, cocoa farmers earn just 6% of the final value a bar of chocolate. When terms of trade don’t work for cocoa farmers it exacerbates poverty and contributes to persistent problems like discrimination, exploitation and deforestation, which threaten the future of cocoa.

How much does a cocoa farmer make per day?

“A cocoa farmer in Ivory Coast earns 50¢ a day, compared to a cocoa manufacturer making $390 million a year in profit. Women get paid far less,” spokeswoman Kelly Dent says. “Twelve of the lowest-paying stages in cocoa production are reserved for women.

Does Disney use child labor?

Disney’s best-selling Cars toys are being made in a factory in China that uses child labour and forces staff to do three times the amount of overtime allowed by law, according to an investigation. One worker reportedly killed herself after being repeatedly shouted at by bosses.

How does cocoa farming affect the environment?

Cocoa production has potential to do no environmental harm if properly managed, but best practices are not widespread, leading to soil erosion and ultimately further deforestation for new plantations. When the soil erodes, the land becomes less fertile for cocoa and yields decrease.

How many times is cocoa harvested in a year?

The cocoa harvest is not confined to one short period but is spread over several months once or twice a year. The timing of the cocoa harvest varies from country to country, depending on the climate and the variety of cocoa.

What are the challenges faced by the cocoa cultivators of Ghana?

Cocoa farmers face a number of challenges: small plots of land, aging trees that are less productive and small profits that make it difficult to support themselves and send their children to school.